Within the ERASMUS + project entitled: NurSusTOOLKIT: A Teaching and Learning Resource for Sustainability in Nursing, a narrative review of publications on environmental sustainability in relation to nursing and health care for the last 10 years was carried out.
This work is based on the fact that nurses should be knowledgeable about how it affects climate change to health. To acquire this knowledge it is necessary to define competencies and educational strategies that tackle environmental sustainability in nursing training. So, the study describe the dimensions that should be included in nurse education in the field of environmental sustainability, climate change and health care and determine the most appropriate pedagogical strategies.
The results show that training nurse in environmental sustainability should include contents about globalization, environmental impact, promotion of health, use of resources and proper management of waste, food and influences of production processes, the effects of smoking and environmental effects on the health of children. Educational approaches more appropriate to include environmental sustainability in the nurse training are the Participatory Action Research and problem-based learning. In conclusion, the training nurse on environmental sustainability should include competencies at different levels: individual, understanding the rationale and scope of the problem and acting accordingly in the professional field and in the personnel; and at the social level, nursing has a key role in the promotion of environmental health.
The reference of this article is: Álvarez-Nieto C, López-Medina IM, Linares Abad M, Grande-Gascón ML, Álvarez-García C. Curriculum nurse and strategies training on environmental sustainability and climate change. Enfermería Global. 2017;47:651-64.