Identifying potential risks in health care is a key aspect to avoid adverse events. Pressure injuries are adverse events that occur during a stay in health care institutions. If the training received on injury prevention is not adequate, it could constitute a major risk in the development of these injuries.
Nursing students receive training regarding pressure injuries, but it is necessary to determine whether the knowledge that nursing students have acquired during their academic training regarding the prevention of these injuries is adequate for their professional development.
In this research group, the project SECOACBA led by Dr. María Dolores López Franco has developed a questionnaire to determine knowledge of pressure injury prevention (PIPK). The questionnaire initially validated in a sample of professionals (nurses and nursing assistants) has shown good psychometric indicators in a sample of nursing students from the University of Jaén (Spain). This instrument allows for the assessment of learning and the identification of specific aspects to review the contents on the recommendations for the prevention of pressure injuries in the subjects of the Nursing Degree.
The article describing the development of the research is available at Pérez-López C, López-Franco MD, Comino-Sanz IM, Pancorbo-Hidalgo PL. Validation of the Pressure Injury Prevention Knowledge questionnaire in nursing students: Rasch analysis. Clinical Nurse. 2021 Jan-Feb;31(1):12-20. English, Spanish. doi: 10.1016/j.enfcli.2020.07.001. Epub 2020 Sep 20. PMID: 32962908.